The Gulag is recognized as a major instrument of political repression in the Soviet Union. The camps housed a wide range of convicts, from petty criminals to political prisoners , large numbers of whom were convicted by simplified procedures, such as by NKVD troikas or by other instruments of extrajudicial punishment. The Solovki prison camp , the first corrective labor camp constructed after the revolution, was established in and legalized by a decree, "On the creation of the forced-labor camps" on April 15, The internment system grew rapidly, reaching a population of , in the s. Almost immediately following the death of Stalin, the Soviet establishment took steps in dismantling the Gulag system. A general amnesty was declared in the immediate aftermath of Stalin's death, though it was limited to non-political prisoners and political prisoners sentenced to no more than 5 years.
15 Writers Who Were Also Medical Doctors
15 Writers Who Were Also Medical Doctors | Mental Floss
Shamanism is a religious practice that involves a practitioner who is believed to interact with a spirit world through altered states of consciousness , such as trance. Beliefs and practices that have been categorized as "shamanic" have attracted the interest of scholars from a wide variety of disciplines, including anthropologists, archaeologists, historians, religious studies scholars, philosophers and psychologists. Hundreds of books and academic papers on the subject have been produced, with a peer-reviewed academic journal being devoted to the study of shamanism. In the 20th century, many Westerners involved in counter-cultural movements have created modern magico-religious practices influenced by their ideas of indigenous religions from across the world, creating what has been termed neoshamanism or the neoshamanic movement.
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Abdulin, Mansur. Red road from Stalingrad : recollections of a Soviet infantryman. Agabekov, Grigorii Sergeevich. OGPU : the Russian secret terror.
The Investigative Committee, which probes serious crimes, said it had detained Sergei Torop known to his followers as Vissarion the Teacher, or the Jesus of Siberia, and two of his aides. Footage released by investigators showed year-old Vissarion, with long grey hair and a beard, and two other men being led by masked commandos from a van and boarding a helicopter. The operation in a remote settlement in Siberia's Krasnoyarsk region included members of the FSB security service and other law enforcement agencies. Torop, a former traffic police officer, has said he experienced an "awakening" when he lost his job in as the atheist Communist regime was fast unravelling. One follower, Alexander Staroverov, posted several videos on Facebook showing army helicopters and vehicles parked in a field.